Diving in Formentera gives you the opportunity among many other things to which we will mention later, the Underwater Photography Week is a must every month of October, for divers and photographers. Formentera is well-known among the divers for the clean and crystal waters with and excellent visibility. Formentera waters have a great variety of marine life including some protected species such as basking shark, blue shark, angel shark, great hammerhead sharks, manta rays with spikes, electric manta ray, dogfish, weasel shark (with no spine), seahorses, sea ravens, snub-nosed garfish.
Dive sites in Formentera
Divers in Formentera can explore the great quantity of wrecks, acres of seagrass, landscapes and caves. In almost all the Mediterranean Sea exists an endemic underwater plant, which is called Posidonia Sea. This plant provides large amounts of oxygen and organic matter to the waters of Formentera. As a result, biodiversity in relation to the marine fauna and flora is truly amazing in this Spanish town. Because the purity of the waters the visibility is better during all the year, it let the divers get surprised with the spectacular marine panorama.
All this abundance and variety of marine life can be seen in the middle of the most diverse rock formations, cracks, caves and a wonderful garden of marine plants. In such panorama are swimming beautiful animal species, such as grouper, bream, mullet, octopus, barracudas, moray eels, sole, bream, eels, cuttlefish and the always beautiful starfish species. Sponges also are so spectacular in this great habitat, where is possible to see the playful dolphins and the precious sea turtles.
Biodiversity and diving
All this healthy biodiversity of Formentera is because the support of thousands of recreational divers who have joined the noble cause of Pierre Yves Cousteau. This son of the legendary and the well-known Jacques Cousteau has launched the “Cousteau Divers” project, which is a wonderful initiative that has created a network monitoring seabed. In this Natural Park de Ses Salines abound spectacular seagrass meadows, which unfortunately have been somewhat blighted in most of the Mediterranean Sea. The lucky divers can find a wonderful prairie, which is interrupted abruptly to give way to a spectacular vertical cliff that plunges steeply to the bottom.
Posidonia is a truly gifted plant root, stem, leaves and even the ability to offer flowers and fruits. All these distinctive ingredients are what make these meadows a wonderful landscape. These very extensive gardens of Posidonia release large amounts of oxygen (as I've mentioned before) so that have a great number and variety of marine species. All the majestic visibility and ecological of these seagrass meadows made Ses Salines was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1999.
The south of the Ibiza Island and the neighboring northern end of Formentera are within the Natural Park, in addition to the waters between these two aforementioned areas. On other hand, some small islets such as the Penjants, S'Espalmador, Porcs, Castavi and others, are also part of the park.
The coastline is a powerful symbol of everything that characterizes the lower coast of the Mediterranean Sea. This coast has low profuse presence of the before mentioned seagrass meadows of Posidonia, the abinares, the pine and dune systems. Seagrass meadows have the ability to grow toward the surface, forming reefs that protect the coast and also allow the formation of beaches and dunes.
Sea life in Formentera
The beautiful anemones seem to caress with its deadly tentacles their unfortunate victims that they feed. The serenity and the silence reign underwater. The “thousands of colors” that paint the scenery seems to be the only language. The shrimp coexist with the brightly and colorful anemones plethoric.
Divers prefer going not near to avoid their painful and even dangerous bites because these “camouflage artists” have their cryptographic colors to blend into the environment and thus overlooked. To appreciate all their splendor of these camouflage experts is needed to be an expert diver. The always precious seahorses are one of the best examples of this capacity to hide because they have high characteristics about hiding from the predators. The scorpion fish are other true masters of this technique, but with an opposite purpose of seahorses (and other species): to hide patiently stalking potential preys.
When some unlucky fish gets close to their invisible “attack zone” the claw is faster than lightning. The victim won’t even reach to see its murderer. The dark depths of these waters allow the proliferation of animals on plant species. Thus, nudibranchs, the brizoos, sponges and polychaetes are quite noticeable. The walls of the spectacular water deepness are covered by immense red gorgonians, giving way to one of the most beautiful underwater landscapes of the Mediterranean Sea. Other species that can be seen in the Formentera waters are the following: large pelagic species, whales, dolphins, turtles, swordfish and basking shark from time to time.