Things to know about Cozumel Island
Diving in Cozumel Island is very distinguished because the splendid, clear and warm waters. It has enormous coral banks that have the most precious underwater garden and it has the richest marine fauna. It is one of the wonders of the Caribe, has a coral reef of 647 square kilometers.
This region is home to about 250 species of tropical fish, manta rays, sharks and sea turtles. From 1997 the Cozumel Reef National Park guarantees the protection of the fauna: barracudas, butterfly ray, nurse shark and octopus. The visibility is up to the amazing 60 meters, after which the temperatures of these waters range between 26 ° C and pleasant 28 ° C. The precious reefs are shallow, ranging from 15 to 20 meters, which even novice divers can enjoy a great number and variety of marine life.
Cozumel islands Marine life
Among the beautiful corals are swimming the parrot fish, butterfly fish, angel fish, crabs, octopus, moray eels and lobsters, and many other species. On reefs that are a little more depth, divers can find other larger species, such as turtles, rays, groupers and barracudas. Cozumel Island is very visited by divers from all over the world because its wonderful reef system is the second largest in the world. There are more than 45 coral species forming reefs, they were found there. And, needless to say, about the majestic flora and fauna associated with these reef systems.
In this underwater paradise, it is possible to observe all species coexisting with a large amount of algae in all shapes, sizes and colors. All this landscape presents a wonderful scene enriched by anemones, sponges, annelids, soft corals and shellfish aforementioned. Both calcareous algae, such as those living in symbiosis with corals are critical for the primary production of energy flow for this amazing ecosystem.
The west side of the island is the one oriented towards the continental coasts in Mexico. And the north area of the island presents some difficulties for diving, for this reason there is no diving activity over here. The south are of the island is reserved for expert divers, so the reef located in the central area of Cozumel are more suitable for diving.
The best dive spots all over the Island
- Chankanaab National Reserve. This name means “small sea.” It is a spectacular site were you cannot just dive but practice snorkel.
The depth ranges from three to twelve meters. It is like a paradise lagoon in which dwells a multitude of tropical reef fish.
It is possible to find anchors and cannons surrounded marine life as well.
- Chankanaab-Bolones. In the seabed of this site, you can find huge rocks that have a curious oval. The rock formations rise between 3 and 10 meters from the sandy seabed.
Only 18 meters deep, it will be found caves and rock crevices same formations, they inhabit large number of fish that swim among the precious coral colonies
- Maracaibo. It is a beautiful reef located to the island south, the depths range between 21 and 24 meters, it makes this place less frequented for tourist divers.
As we said before, the south area is just for expert divers. This big reef extends for almost a mile long.
Among the species living there, we can see the sea turtle, which can be seen in all its splendor, the sea turtle swim near a huge and dizzying wall bearing the same name (“Maracaibo.”)
- Palancar. This site is truly a “paradise in earth.” It is considered one of the best and biggest diving sites of all the world. In this place you can find the most expert divers from all over the world.
Among runners, canyons, caves and steep chasms, are living large groupers, moray eels and all kinds of tropical reef fish, moving between large sponges, fans of red coral and healthy coral colonies.
- Paradise. It is located near the cruise ship dock. It is a site most suitable for novice divers and also for night dives.
The water are magically crowded with corals and sponges in a variety of bright colors, presenting a truly wonderful show.
There is a splendid wall where you can see barrel sponges and elephant ear.
- San Francisco. Divers here can find one cliff to which corals and yellow tube sponges adhere.
You can find as well corals and sea grass, on which huge moray eels and stingrays swim.
- Tormentos. This site is ideal for the underwater photography. There dwells a huge amount of eels and groupers, which the lucky divers can even feed.